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[Ebook PDF] An Introduction to Brain and Behavior, Fifth Edition
From authors Bryan Kolb and Ian Whishaw, and new coauthor G. Campbell Teskey, An Introduction to Brain and Behavior offers a unique inquiry-based introduction to behavioral neuroscience, with each chapter focusing on a central question (ie, “How Does the Nervous System Function? “). It also incorporates a distinctive clinical perspective, with examples showing students what happens when common neuronal processes malfunction. Now this acclaimed book returns in a thoroughly up-to-date new edition.
Founders of a prestigious neuroscience institute at the University of Lethbridge in Alberta, Canada, Kolb and Whishaw are renowned as both active scientists and teachers. G. Campbell Teskey of the University of Calgary also brings to the book a wealth of experience as a researcher and educator. Together, they are the ideal author team for guiding students from a basic understanding the biology of behavior to the very frontiers of some of the most exciting and impactful research being conducted today.
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Chapter 1 What Are the Origins of Brain and Behavior? 1
Chapter 2 What Is the Nervous System’s Functional Anatomy? 33
Chapter 3 What Are the Nervous System’s Functional Units? 73
Chapter 4 How Do Neurons Use Electrical Signals to Transmit Information? 107
Chapter 5 How Do Neurons Communicate and Adapt? 137
Chapter 6 How Do Drugs and Hormones Influence the Brain and Behavior? 171
Chapter 7 How Do We Study the Brain’s Structures and Functions? 209
Chapter 8 How Does the Nervous System Develop and Adapt? 245
Chapter 9 How Do We Sense, Perceive, and See the World? 283
Chapter 10 How Do We Hear, Speak, and Make Music? 321
Chapter 11 How Does the Nervous System Respond to Stimulation and Produce Movement? 355
Chapter 12 What Causes Emotional and Motivated Behavior? 397
Chapter 13 Why Do We Sleep and Dream? 441
Chapter 14 How Do We Learn and Remember? 479
Chapter 15 How Does the Brain Think? 519
Chapter 16 What Happens When the Brain Misbehaves? 561
The fifth edition of An Introduction to Brain and Behavior continues to reflect the evolution of behavioral neuroscience. In keeping with this evolution, we welcome G. Campbell Teskey, whose fresh perspective—especially on topics related to neurophysiology and nervous system disorders—enhances our author team.
Other major changes in this edition include a deeper emphasis on genetics and epigenetics throughout. Epigenetics is especially important for understanding brain and behavior because environmentally induced modifications in gene expression alter the brain and ultimately behavioral development. Thus, experience—especially early experience— modifies how brain development unfolds. These modifications—of at least some behavioral traits—can be transferred across generations, a process known as epigenetic inheritance. We introduce it in the case study at the end of Section 3-3.
This edition fully addresses advances in imaging technology, including techniques that are fueling the burgeoning field of connectomics and progress toward a comprehensive map of neural connections—a brain connectome. These exciting advances are especially relevant in the second half of the book, where we review higher-level functions.
Imaging advances and epigenetics concepts and research continue as a prime focus in this revision but are not our sole focus. In Chapter 2 we introduce the enteric nervous system, which controls the gut, and later chapters elaborate on ENS functioning. Section 7-1 introduces the emerging field of synthetic neurobiology, elaborated in Section 16-2. Section 5-2 adds new research on lipid neurotransmitters and detail on receptor subtypes.
The range of updates and new coverage in the Fifth Edition text and Focus features is listed, chapter by chapter, in the margins of these Preface pages. See for yourself the breadth and scope of the revision; then read on to learn more about the big-picture improvements in the Fifth Edition.
With encouraging feedback from readers, the book’s learning apparatus continues to feature sets of self-test questions at the end of the major sections in each chapter. These Section Reviews help students track their understanding as they progress. Answers appear at the back of the book. We continue to expand the popular margin notes. Beyond offering useful asides to the text narrative, these marginalia increase the reader’s ease in finding information, especially when related concepts are introduced early in the text then elaborated on in later chapters. Readers can return quickly to an earlier discussion to refresh their knowledge or jump ahead to learn more. The margin notes also help instructors move through the book to preview later discussions.
The illustrated Experiments, one of the book’s most popular features, show readers how researchers design experiments, that is, how they approach the study of brain–behavior relationships. The Basics features let students brush up or get up to speed on their science foundation—knowledge that helps them comprehend behavioral neuroscience.
We have made some big changes, yet much of the book remains familiar. In shaping content throughout, we continue to examine the nervous system with a focus on function, on how our behavior and our brain interact, by asking key questions that students and neuroscientists ask:
• Why do we have a brain?
• How is the nervous system organized, functionally as well as anatomically?
• How do drugs and hormones affect our behavior?
• How does the brain learn?
• How does the brain think?
Every chapter’s central question highlights the brain–behavior relationship. When we first describe how neurons communicate in Section 5-4, for example, we also describe how synaptic plasticity serves as the basis of learning. Later, in Section 14-4, we expand on plasticity as we explore learning and memory.
As it was when we wrote the First Edition, our goal in this new edition is to bring coherence to a vast subject by helping students understand the big picture. Asking fundamental questions about the brain has another benefit: it piques students’ interest and challenges them to join us on the journey of discovery that is brain science.
Scientific understanding of the human brain and human behavior continues to grow at an exponential pace. We want to communicate the excitement of recent breakthroughs in brain science and to relate some of our own experiences from a combined 120+ years of studying brain and behavior, both to make the field’s developing core concepts and latest revelations understandable and to transport uninitiated students to the frontiers of physiological psychology.