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For courses in Drugs and Behavior
A contemporary survey of behavioral pharmacology
Drugs and Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Pharmacology provides a clear overview of this intriguing discipline, as it helps students understand human behaviors and reflect on developments in the field. Taking over from longtime author William McKim, and continuing the personalized style and enthusiastic approach for which the text has been known, new lead author Stephanie Hancock describes basic pharmacological concepts of drug administration and pharmacokinetics, research methodology and clinical trials, tolerance and withdrawal, drug conditioning, addiction processes, and the neuroscience of drug action. In each chapter, these concepts are applied to different classes of recreational and therapeutic drugs within a historical and social backdrop. The Eighth Edition has been substantially revised and updated to include the newest research findings and real-world examples related to drug use and addiction.
Like most modern scientific endeavors, the field of behavioral pharmacology is ever changing. Each day brings exciting new developments and insights, and a great many discoveries have been made since the 1st edition of this text in 1987. These discoveries intrigue people who use drugs both therapeutically and recreationally. It is an ongoing challenge to keep current with these new developments and decide what to include in each succeeding edition. At the same time, we believe that it is important to tell the stories of the pioneers, to describe their groundbreaking research and insights, and to provide the context
in which these new discoveries are made. In addition, new drugs and new trends in drug use, both recreational and medicinal, come on the scene as others wane. As students ask new and different types of questions, it is important to be able to provide well-informed answers. While every edition of this text has attempted to keep up with these rapid changes, it is sometimes difficult to keep pace, and any publication is apt to be a bit behind the times. As such, we encourage course instructors to supplement the text content with up-to-date material on new trends and developments, with the text providing background in which the significance of new developments can be understood.
New to This Edition
The 8th edition of Drugs and Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Pharmacology has been substantially revised and updated to include the newest research findings and realworld examples related to drug use and addiction. New material you will find in this edition includes:
• Updated prevalence of use data, recent trends in drug availability, and inclusion of newly revised key features (DSM-5 diagnostic criteria) of substance-related and addictive disorders (including gambling disorder), anxiety disorders, schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders, and major depressive disorder.
• The addition of pharmacokinetic, neuropharmacological, physiological, and behavioral research findings related to caffeinated alcoholic beverages, e-cigarettes, dissolvable tobacco products, energy drinks and shots, synthetic cathinones (“bath salts”), synthocannabinoids (“herbal incense”), MDMA (“ecstasy”/“molly”), and ayahuasca.
• A thoroughly emended and elaborated chapter on cannabis, rewritten to include changes in the use and composition of cannabis and cannabinoid compounds, new research evidence of drug effects, and recent legislative changes. The chapter now also contains extensive discussion of synthocannabinoids (“synthetic marijuana” or “herbal incense”)—their history of emergence onto drug markets, legislation enacted to curb their distribution and use, pharmacokinetic and neuropharmacological effects, influence on human and animal behavior, and the physiological and harmful effects of these compounds.
• New chapter boxes highlighting important drugrelated processes, such as pharmaceutical drug development and the classification of controlled substances, as well as contemporary issues, such as the shift in conceptualizing addiction to include behaviors such as gambling and the physical and cognitive consequences of adding caffeine to alcohol.
• An entirely new test bank collection created to help instructors assess student comprehension of the material. Each chapter of the book is now accompanied by a brief topic overview, 50 multiple-choice questions, 15 short-answer questions, and 5 essay questions.
• A change in the order of authorship. Dr. William McKim has graciously passed the reins of first authorship to Dr. Stephanie Hancock. Bill first put pen to paper to create this textbook in the early 1980s when, through his own teaching, he realized that a comprehensive text on behavioral pharmacology did not exist. Since then, he has lovingly and meticulously updated each of the previous editions, and his personable style and enthusiastic approach will continue to characterize each new edition.
The book’s test bank has been substantially rewritten and updated in accordance with the wealth of new information contained in the 8th edition. For each of the 15 chapters included in the new edition, a chapter overview, summary notes, 50 multiple choice questions, 15 short answer questions, and 5 essay questions have been provided to aid in assessing student learning and comprehension of the chapter material. Test questions are arranged in the same order as material provided in each chapter, and accompanying each question is information indicating the correct answer and the section of the chapter
in which it is located. In addition, each question is categorized according to the learning objective it satisfies and tagged with information regarding its level of difficulty and the degree of synthesis required to choose the correct answer.
PowerPoint Presentation. The PowerPoint Presentation is an interactive tool for use in the classroom. Each chapter pairs key concepts with images from the textbook to reinforce student learning.
Acknowledgments This text would not have been possible without the assistance of many people. These include all the individuals acknowledged in the earlier editions whose contributions
are still reflected in these pages. In this edition, we would like to further acknowledge the help of our spouses, Darron Kelly and Edna McKim, who tolerated our frequent and prolonged absences, both physical and mental, while the manuscript was being revised. Darron spent untold hours poring over chapter revisions, making corrections and suggesting improvements for the 8th edition. For this, I (S.H.)
am extremely grateful.
We would also like to acknowledge the contribution of many of our colleagues at Memorial University and at other institutions around the world who have made helpful suggestions, read drafts, and corrected our errors. We also want to acknowledge the many students who have used earlier editions and contributed helpful suggestions and criticisms that have shaped this most recent edition.
Thanks as well to the staff at Pearson for their commitment to this project.
Apart from taking credit where it is due, none of these people can be held responsible for errors or omissions in the text. Please direct all suggestions to us so we can make the 9th edition even better.
Stephanie D. Hancock
St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador
William A. McKim