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Understanding Motivation and Emotion, 7th Edition
Author: Johnmarshall Reeve (Author)
The past ten years have seen an explosion of useful research surrounding human motivation and emotion; new insights allow researchers to answer the perennial questions, including “What do people want?” and “Why do they want what they want?” By delving into the roots of motivation, the emotional processes at work, and the impacts on learning, performance, and well-being, this book provides a toolbox of practical interventions and approaches for use in a wide variety of settings.
In the midst of the field’s “golden age,” there has never been a better time to merge new understanding and practical application to improve people’s lives. Useful in schools, the workplace, clinical settings, health care, sports, industry, business, and even interpersonal relationships, these concepts are profoundly powerful; incorporated into the state-of-the-art intervention programs detailed here, they can enhance people’s motivation, emotion, and outlook while answering the core questions of any human interaction.
Now is an ideal time to take a course in motivation and emotion. This is because motivation and emotion scientists have just completed a highly productive decade in understanding how human motives
operate. The field is now in a “golden age.” Each year, new discoveries are made, new insights are gained, and new theories emerge and are validated. As a whole, the field can now provide clear and
deeply satisfying answers to core questions, such as the following: What do people want?; Why did she do that?; From where do motivation and emotion come?; Why do motivation and emotion
change?; and What good are they—what do motivation and emotion predict and explain? The book’s title is Understanding Motivation and Emotion, and many pages of the book are
devoted to this purpose. A deep understanding is great, but it is even better to take the next step and actually apply that knowledge to improve people’s lives. As a field, we now understand the nature
of motivation and emotion, their causes, the conditions that affect them, and how motivational and emotional processes lead to productive outcomes such as learning, performance, and well-being.
The field’s understanding is so deep that researchers can now confidently offer practical recommendations. The book includes several state-of-the-art intervention programs designed explicitly to
enhance people’s motivation and emotion so to improve their lives in some important way. Because this is so, it may now be time to re-title the book as, Understanding and Applying Motivation and
By the time you turn the book’s last page, I hope you will gain two important achievements. First, I hope you gain a deep and sophisticated understanding of motivation and emotion. Second, I hope
you will gain the practical know-how to apply that knowledge in a concrete and personally meaningful way. Motivational and emotional principles and findings can be applied in many domains, but the
most obvious include the home, school, workplace, clinical setting, counseling center, gym, athletic field, all aspects of health care, and interpersonal relationships in general.
I assumed some background knowledge on the part of the reader, such as an introductory course in psychology. The intended audience is upper-level undergraduates enrolled in courses in the department of psychology. I also write for students in other disciplines, largely because motivation and emotion research reach into so many diverse areas of study and application, including education, health, counseling, clinical, sports, industrial/organizational, and business. The book concentrates on human, rather than on nonhuman, motivation.
WHAT’S NEW IN THE SEVENTH EDITION
It has been three years since the last edition of the book was published. In that time, two important trends unfolded. First, motivation and emotion scientists were able to reach a greater sense of consensus as to what constructs, ideas, theories, and findings are most important and meaningful. For someone who has spent a lifetime in the field, it was good to see this greater sense of agreement, consensus, and clarity of purpose. This achievement just makes the story of motivation and emotion study an easier story to tell. What this means for the reader is that the seventh edition of the book is 50 pages shorter than the sixth edition. I think students might appreciate this greater clarity and organization. That said, all of the following motivational and emotional phenomena are new to the seventh edition: Expectancy × Value theories, with a special emphasis on value-promoting interventions; mindfulness, terror management theory; intrinsic goals and extrinsic goals; psychological need frustration; internalization and integration of extrinsic motivations; leadership motivation profile, coping with failure, two views of the self, including self-as-object and self-as-agent, and the question of whether or not people have a “true self.”
Each chapter features a chapter box that addresses a specific concern. For instance, the box in Chapter 3 uses the information on the motivated and emotional brain to understand how antidepressant drugs work. The box in Chapter 8 uses the information on goals to lay out a step-by-step goal-setting and goal-striving program that can be applied to many different objectives. At the end of each chapter, a set of 10 recommended readings appears. These recommended journal articles represent suggestions for further individual study. I selected these particular readings using four criteria:
(1) each reading’s represents what is central to the chapter, (2) its topic appeals to a wide audience, (3) its length is short, and (4) its methodology and data analysis are reader-friendly